Reduce risk for breast cancer

From NMMC-Eupora

 

Breast cancer is the second-most common cancer among women in the United States; and is the second leading cause of cancer death in women of all ages.

In 2013, the American Cancer Society estimates there will be nearly 300,000 new cases of breast cancer with nearly 40,000 deaths. There are currently more than 2.8 million breast cancer survivors in the United States.

How can you reduce your risk for breast cancer?

Learn your family health history and talk to your health care provider about your profile.

Have a yearly mammogram starting at age 40 if you are at average risk. Have a clinical breast exam at least every three years starting at age 20, then every year starting at age 40.

Know what is normal for you and see your health care provider if you notice symptoms such as a lump or knot in your breast or underarm area; swelling, warmth or redness; a change in the shape or size of the breast; puckering of the skin; an itchy, scaly sore or rash; nipple discharge or pain in one spot that doesn’t go away.

Make healthy lifestyle choices. Maintain a healthy weight, be physically active, and eliminate or limit your alcohol intake. Discuss your personal risk of hormone therapy with your health care provider. Breastfeed your children if you can.